Development Milestones

Milestones in development are the essential terms for this category.

Developmental milestones are skills that most children can master by a specific age. Children reach developmental

During the second year, toddlers are becoming more mobile and are more aware of themselves and their surroundings. Their urge to explore new things and people is also growing. Toddlers will demonstrate greater independence during this period; exhibit defiant behavior; recognize themselves in photographs or a mirror; and imitate the actions of others, particularly adults and older children. Toddlers should

  • Here are some of the things you can do as a parent to assist your toddler during this time: Read to your child every day. Ask her to name body parts and items or look for objects for you. Play matching games with her, such as shape shifting and simple puzzles. Encourage him to explore and venture into new fields of interest.
  • Assist your child in developing his language skills by conversing with him and adding to what he says. For example, if your toddler says “baba,” you may respond, “Yes, you’re correct—that is a bottle.”

Because your child is more active, he will encounter additional hazards. Dangers can develop rapidly, which is why you should be vigilant. Here are some suggestions to help you keep your developing toddler safe:

  • Do NOT let your toddler near or around water (for example, bathtubs, pools, ponds, lakes, whirlpools, or the ocean) without someone watching her. Fence off pools in the backyard. Drowning is the most common cause of death among this age group. Make sure to include a small gate or fence to block off stairwells. Keep kitchen appliances and irons away from your child. All unused electrical outlets should have plug covers placed on them.
  • Keep sharp objects, such as scissors, knives, and pens, in a secure location. Lock up medicines, domestic cleaners, and poisons. Even for a few moments, do not leave your toddler alone in any vehicle (that means a car, truck, or van). Store any guns in a safe place out of his reach. Keeping your child’s car seat rear-facing for as long as feasible is recommended by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
  • Offer your infant water and plain milk instead of offering him sugary beverages. After your child has started eating solid foods for the first time, breast milk may still be a good supplement to his diet.
  • Your youngster may become a picky and erratic eater. Because toddlers don’t develop as quickly, they require less food. It’s not worth getting upset about it. Offer him a variety of nutritious foods and let him choose what he wants. Keep offering new items; it might take some time for him to acquire an appetite for them.
  • Develop a media use plan for your family and limit screen time. The AAP advises that it’s preferable if toddlers don’t use any other screen devices besides video chatting until they are at least 18 months old. Your youngster will appear to be in constant motion, running, kicking, climbing, or jumping. Allow him to move about—he’s improving his coordination and gaining strength.

Make sure your youngster gets the right amount of sleep every night: For toddlers aged 1 through 2 years, 11–14 hours per 24 hours is recommended (including naps).

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